Results from a recent study indicate that people with HIV who have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep are significantly less likely to adhere to their antiretroviral therapy regimens.
The authors of the study suggested that clinicians look for and promptly treat sleep difficulties in HIV-positive individuals, which may increase adherence to antiretroviral therapy.
Previous studies indicate that over 70 percent of HIV-positive individuals report sleep disturbances at some point, compared to 10 percent to 35 percent of the general population.
Sleep disturbances can cause difficulties with attention, concentration, fatigue, and memory impairment. In addition, sleep problems may increase the risk for car accidents, diabetes, psychiatric disorders, and heart problems.
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